Shortcuts For Mac

MacBook owners have a number of tools that come in very handy for using their laptops efficiently and for maintaining the operating system to keep it running in top shape. These MacBook keyboard shortcuts for the Finder, a maintenance checklist, and a “translation” of the modifier keys will speed you on your way to becoming a MacBook power user.


Mac OS X Finder Keyboard Shortcuts

The Mac OS X Lion Finder helps you access and organize most of the important Mac OS X functions while you work. Use Finder keyboard shortcuts to display windows, copy and move files, and launch applications. These keyboard shortcuts help you get things done more efficiently.

30 keyboard shortcuts Mac users need to know This collection of keyboard shortcuts for macOS can help users get the most from their iMacs, MacBook Pro and MacBook laptops. HelloTech: Home & Business Tech Support, Smart Home Set Up.

Command+ASelects all items in the active window (icon view), all items
in the column (column view), or all items in the list (cover flow
Command+CCopies selected items
Command+DDuplicates the selected item(s)
Command+EEjects the selected volume
Command+FDisplays the Find dialog
Command+HHides All Finder windows
Command+IShows info for selected item or items
Command+JShows the view options for the active window
Command+KDisplays the Connect to Server dialog
Command+LCreates an alias for the selected item
Command+MMinimizes the active window
Command+NOpens a new Finder window
Command+OOpens (or launches) the selected item
Command+RShows the original for selected alias
Command+TAdds the selected item to the Sidebar
Command+VPastes items from the Clipboard
Command+WCloses the active window
Command+XCuts the selected items
Command+ZUndoes the last action (if possible)
Command+,Displays Finder Preferences
Command+1Shows the active window in icon mode
Command+2Shows the active window in list mode
Command+3Shows the active window in column mode
Command+4Shows the active window in cover flow mode
Command+[Moves back to the previous Finder location
Command+]Moves forward to the next Finder location
Command+DelMoves selected items to the Trash
Command+up-arrowShow enclosing folder
Command+`Cycles through windows
Command+?Displays the Mac OS X Help Viewer
Command+Shift+ATakes you to your Applications folder
Command+Shift+CTakes you to the top-level Computer location
Command+Shift+GTakes you to a folder that you specify
Command+Shift+HTakes you to your Home folder
Command+Shift+IConnects you to your iDisk
Command+Shift+QLogs you out
Command+Shift+NCreates a new untitled folder in the active window
Command+Shift+UTakes you to your Utilities folder
Command+Shift+DelDeletes the contents of the Trash
Command+Option+HHides all windows except the Finder’s window(s)
Command+Option+NCreates a new Smart Folder
Command+Option+THides the Finder window toolbar
Command+Option+SpaceOpens the Spotlight window
Command+SpaceOpens the Spotlight menu
F8Choose another desktop using Spaces
Control+up-arrow (or F3, depending on your keyboard model)Displays the Mission Control screen
Control+down-arrow (or Control+F3, depending on your keyboard
Shows all open windows for the current application using
Mission Control
F11 (or Command+F3, depending on your keyboard model)Hides all windows to display the Desktop using Mission
F12 (or F4, depending on your keyboard model)Displays your Dashboard widgets
SpaceQuick Look

Strange-Looking Keys on the MacBook Keyboard

New to the Macintosh world? Some keys on the MacBook keyboard may be mystifying. Whether you’re using Snow Leopard or an older version of Mac OS X, recognizing and using modifier keys will make your job easier. Here’s a look at the modifier keys on both MacBook and desktop keyboards:

Mac OS X Maintenance Checklist

Maintenance is vital if you want to keep Mac OS X Lion in tip-top condition for as long as possible. Maintaining your MacBook keeps it running fast and smooth. Basic housekeeping includes regular back-ups plus some other, less familiar, tasks. Check this table often, or print it and keep a copy near your laptop!

Mac Maintenance TaskSchedule
Check for updates with Software UpdateOnce a day (automatic setting)
Back up with Time MachineAutomatic
Defragment (Micromat TechTool Pro/Prosoft Engineering Drive
Genius 3)
Once a week
Repair Disk Permissions (Disk Utility)Once a week
Delete Unnecessary User Accounts (System Preferences)As necessary
Scan for viruses (Intego VirusBarrier X6, ClamXav 2)Automatic
Check all volumes (Disk Utility/ Micromat TechTool Pro)Once a week
Check for the latest drivers for your hardwareOnce a month (or after installing new hardware)
Delete temporary Internet cache files (Prosoft Engineering
Drive Genius 3)
Once a month

For information about keyboard accessibility, see How to: Use Keyboard Navigation.

You can access a variety of commands in Visual Studio for Mac by using the appropriate keyboard shortcut. This document lists the default shortcuts for the Visual Studio for Mac key binding scheme. For more information about how to change the key binding scheme, see Customizing the IDE. You can also customize shortcuts for a command using the Visual Studio for Mac > Preferences menu item and choosing Environment > Key Bindings in the Preferences window.


The keyboard shortcuts displayed in this document, and the key binding preferences in Visual Studio for Mac, are presented using the symbols commonly used in macOS. If you are unsure of a symbol, review the macOS key symbols loopkup table.

Downloadable quick ref pdfs

We have compiled the most used, and most useful, keyboard shortcuts into a downloadable pdf file. We have two versions,one that shows shortcuts for Visual Studio for Mac, and a version that shows Visual Studio shorts side-by-side for usersthat have prior experience with Visual Studio when using Windows.

Code Navigation

CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Find References⇧⌘R, F12
Go to Declaration⌘D, F12
Next Error⌥⇧⇟, ⇧⌘F12
Next Issue in File⌥⇟
Previous Error⌥⇧⇞
Previous Issue in File⌥⇞


CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Enable or Disable Breakpoint⌥⌘/, ⌘F9
Pause⌥⌘P, ⌥⌘L5
Remove All Breakpoints⇧⌘F9
Run To Cursor⌘F10
Set Next Statement⇧⌘F10
Show Next Statement⌥*
Step Into⇧⌘I, ⌘F11
Step Out⇧⌘U, ⇧⌘F11
Step Over⇧⌘O, F10
Toggle Breakpoint, F9
View Breakpoints⌥⌘B


CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Switch between related files⌃⌘↑


CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Constraint Editing Mode⌘E
Format Document⌃I
Indent Selection⌘]
Rename⌘R, F2
Select All⌘A
Show Code Generation⌘I
Toggle All Folds⌥⇧⌘↑
Toggle Definitions⌥⇧⌘↓
Toggle Fold⌥⇧⌘←
Toggle Line Comment(s)⌘/
Unindent Selection⌘[
Update Frame from Constraints⇧⌘R

F# Integration

CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Clear F# Interactive⌃⌥C
F# Interactive⌃⌥F
Restart F# Interactive⌃⌥R
Send line to F# Interactive⌃⌥L
Send references to F# Interactive⌃⌥P
Send selection to F# Interactive⌃⏎

Shortcuts For Mac Users


CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Close All⇧⌘W
Close File⌘W
Close Workspace⌥⌘W
New File⌘N
New Solution⇧⌘N
Save All⇧⌘S


CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
API Documentation⌥⌘?
Unity API Reference⌘'


CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Implement Unity Messages⇧⌘M


CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Add Files⌥⌘A
Build⌘K, ⇧F6
Build All⌘B, F6
Rebuild All⌃⌘B
Start Debugging⌘⏎, F5
Start Without Debugging⌥⌘⏎, ⌃F5
Stop⇧⌘⏎, ⇧F5


Shortcuts For Macbook Pro

CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Import Symbol⌃⌥␣
Quick Fix⌥⏎


CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Find in Files⇧⌘F
Find Next⌘G, F3
Find Next Like Selection⌘E, ⌘F3
Find Previous⇧⌘G, ⇧F3
Find Previous Like Selection⇧⌘F3
Go to File⇧⌘D
Go to Line⌘L
Go to Type⇧⌘T
Navigate To⌘.
Replace in Files⌥⇧⌘F

Text Editor

Shortcuts For MacShortcuts for macbook pro
CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Complete Word⌃␣
Delete left character⌃H
Delete next subword⌃⌦
Delete next word⌥⌦
Delete previous subword⌃⌫
Delete previous word⌥⌫
Delete right character⌃D
Delete to end of line⌃K
Dynamic abbrev⌃/
Expand selection⌥⇧↓
Expand selection⌥⇧↑
Expand selection to document end⇧⌘↓, ⇧⌘↘
Expand selection to document start⇧⌘↑, ⇧⌘↖
Expand selection to line end⇧↘, ⇧⌘→
Expand selection to line start⇧↖, ⇧⌘←
Expand selection to next line⇧↓
Expand selection to next word⌥⇧→
Expand selection to page down⇧⇟
Expand selection to page up⇧⇞
Expand selection to previous line⇧↑
Expand selection to previous word⌥⇧←
Expand selection to the left⇧←
Expand selection to the right⇧→
Find caret
Go left one character⌃B
Go right one character⌃F
Go to beginning of document⌘↑
Go to beginning of line⌘←, ⌃A
Go to end of document⌘↓
Go to end of line⌘→, ⌃E
Go to Matching Brace⇧⌘
Go to next line⌃N
Go to next word⌥→
Go to previous line⌃P
Go to previous word⌥←
Insert line break after the caret⌃O
Move caret to EOL and insert new line⇧⏎
Move the line or highlighted selection down⌥↓
Move the line or highlighted selection up⌥↑
Move to next usage⌃⌥⌘↓
Move to prev usage⌃⌥⌘↑
Show Parameter List⌃⇧␣
Show quick info⌘F1
Show Scopes⌥⇧⌘P
Transpose characters⌃T
Wrap with <div>⌥⇧W


Apple Keyboard Commands

CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Center and Focus Document⌃L
Focus DocumentF7
Full Screen⌃⌘F
Move to Next Notebook⌥⌘→
Move to Previous Notebook⌥⌘←
Navigate Back⌃⌘←
Navigate Forward⌃⌘→
Normal Size⌘0
One Editor Column⌥⌘1
Show Next⌥⌘↓, F8
Show Previous⌥⌘↑, ⇧F8
Two Editor Columns⌥⌘2
Zoom In⌘+, ⌘=
Zoom Out⌘-, ⌘_


CommandsKeyboard shortcuts
Activate 1⌘1
Activate 2⌘2
Activate 3⌘3
Activate 4⌘4
Activate 5⌘5
Activate 6⌘6
Activate 7⌘7
Activate 8⌘8
Activate 9⌘9
Hide Others⌥⌘H
Hide Visual Studio⌘H
Next Document⌘}, ⌘F6
Previous Document⌘{, ⇧⌘F6
Switch to next document⌃⇥
Switch to next pad⌃⌥⇥
Switch to previous document⌃⇧⇥
Switch to previous pad⌃⌥⇧⇥

macOS key symbols lookup

Shortcuts For Mac Os

Shortcuts for mac os
Command (cmd)
Option (alt)
Control (ctrl)
Page Up (Pg Up)
Page Down (Pg Dn)
Delete (Backspace)
Forward Delete
←→↑↓Arrow Keys
Space Bar

See also